This group of islands represents the densest archipelago in Mediterranean. It is located between Šibenik and Zadar, covers the area of about 320 km2 and makes 12% of all the islands in the Croatian Adriatic.
The biggest island is Kornat and the whole archipelago was named after it. This archipelago is 70 nm long, and 18,8 nm wide and there are four island chains divided in two groups. Upper Kornati (Sit and Žut island chains) with 51 land unit, and the other one is Lower Kornati with 98 land units. National park covers the biggest part of Kornati archipelago.
Most of the outer islands have high cliffs facing the open sea. These rock faces are the result of the fracturing and faulting of the Earth’s crust. Also the erosion process has adorned these massive surfaces. In some places in the Kornati archipelago underwater cliffs drop down vertically for almost hundred meters (on islands of Piškera and Rašip). The highest cliff is the one on the island of Klobučar (82 m), and the longest (above sea level) on the island of Mana (1350 m).
Kornati are accessible only by watercraft. Distance from the mainland is roughly 7 nautical miles from island of Murter, and 15 nautical miles from Šibenik and Zadar. Furthermore, Kornati National Park has two official entrances: from the north at the Velika Proversa strait, and from the south at Vrata od Opata.
There are two marinas in the Kornati archipelago – one in Kornati National Park (ACI Marina Piškera), and the other on the island of Žut (ACI Marina Žut).
The nearest outpatient clinics for medical assistance are located in Sali (on the island of Dugi otok), Murter and in Tisno, and the nearest hospitals are in Biograd, Šibenik and Zadar. The nearest medical institution providing assistance to divers is located in Split.
There are no fuelling stations in the Park area.
There is also no running water or electrical energy supply in National Park. Solar panels and generators secure the electrical energy, cisterns gather water (rainfall). For those with greater needs – water carriers transport larger amount of water.
The area of Kornati National Park and the other parts of the archipelago have poor mobile network signal coverage.
In the Kornati archipelago area there are sanitary facilities only within restaurants.
The entire land area of Kornati National Park is in private ownership, except for the coastal zone that represents the maritime domain. Hence, visitors can to walk only along the paths and trails specially marked for this purpose.
Ruins on island of Mana
Finally, few words about one of the major attractions in Kornati. On top of the island of Mana lie the remains of a settlement constructed as a set for the film As The Sea Rages (1959). This is a group of a dozen stone built buildings and they represent houses, storehouses and a church. The remains of the church are particularly impressive. From the ruins of this scenery there is an an excellent view of the outer chain of islands. This old set has become a part of the cultural heritage. You can find more informations about this film in one of our blog post “Island Mana: Jump into the film… And into the sea“.
Kornati National park in numbers:
- number of islands = 89
- park area = 217 km2
- land area = 50 km2
- sea area = 167 km2
- length of coast = 238 km
- highest point = 237 m (Metlina on Kornat)
- lowest point = 125 m (edge of the Park SE of Purara)
- tallest cliff = 82 m (Kolobučar)
- longest cliff on one island = 1.530 m (Mana)
- deepest cliff (under the sea) = 92 m (Piškera)
- total length of cliffs = 12 km
- average low = 8°C (February)
- average high = 25°C (August)
- sunshine hours annually = 2.700
- total length of dry stone walls = 330 km
For all relevant informations about Kornati National Park please take a look at their official web site: https://www.np-kornati.hr/en/